Cambridge New Greek Lexicon Project

The principal resource is a bilingual Dictionary, from Ancient Greek to English, designed for students of intermediate level and above. It is being composed to take account of the many new textual discoveries made since the last comparable dictionary in 1889, and to provide definitions and translations in modern English which will communicate clearly to contemporary readers. It is also being published as an online resource, so will be widely available to distance-learners.

Principal investigator
Professor James Diggle
Principal project staff
Professor James Diggle
Start date
Monday, May 1, 2006
Completion date
Friday, October 1, 2010
Source material
The principal digital resource, the dictionary, and the first ancillary resource, the work-notes, are being originated by the research team. The second ancillary resource, the HTML archive of ancient Greek texual-material, is the major compositional resource. Its function is to provide the writers with a means of consulting all the attestations of each word which appears in the corpus of texts. This enables them to identify meanings, and so to organise and write the definitions. It was derived from two sources: (1) The collection of Greek texts held online at the Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University ( (2) The collection of Greek texts held in the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae digital library at the University of California at Irvine, available online ( and on CD-ROM (TLG-E). The digital resource was derived from these sources by word-searching, using lemmatising software within a MySql management system. As almost the entire corpus of extant texts in ancient Greek has been digitised, we can predict every search that we will eventually want to perform, and so a program was designed to conduct these searches in advance. Because ancient Greek was a highly-inflected language with some dictionary-words ('lemmas') having over 1,000 forms, we needed to use lemmatised search-software. The corpus of texts was pre-searched for all attestations of every form of each lemma, and the results, together with a passage of surrounding text, were archived in static HTML pages. This provides the dictionary writers with immediate access to the searches, and also enables the attestations and their contexts to be available in a generic format.

James, Patrick. "The Use and Presentation of Cultural Material in a Non-Encyclopaedic, General Lexicon." Paper presented at the Conference on 'The Lexicography of Greek Culture: Ancient, Mediaeval and Modern', Thessaloniki, 22nd November 2003.

Fraser, Bruce. "Author Tagging: a dictionary DTD as part of the writing environment." Published online at 2005.

Fraser, Bruce. "Beyond Definition: contextual and grammatical information in the dictionary entry." Paper presented at the 'Conference on Lexicography and Lexical Semantics: Questions at Issue in the Making of a Greek Lexicon', Lisbon, 24-25 November 2006.