Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech (SCOTS)

SCOTS uses computer technology and the web to bring a unique electronic collection of Scots and Scottish English texts to scholars and the public. The resource contains written and spoken material, the latter with online audio/video clips, stored in a database along with extensive metadata. Linguists can investigate where particular words and phrases are used, and by whom. Displayed alongside the texts is a range of information about authors and speakers, so that it is possible to search for, e.g., “audio clips featuring Ayrshire women under 40”. SCOTS is also a rich resource for those concerned with literature, history, culture and society. The first version with limited search facilities went public on 30/11/04. New materials are added regularly and further online tools developed. Texts are currently Scots and Scottish English from 1945 to the present day. The Corpus of Modern Scottish Writing (1700-1945) focuses on written texts of an earlier period.

arts-humanities.net

Principal investigator
Professor John Corbett
Principal project staff
Professor John Corbett; Dr Jane Stuart-Smith; Professor Christian Kay; Mrs Jean Anderson;
Start date
Saturday, September 1, 2001
Completion date
Thursday, March 1, 2007
Era
Place
Source material
SCOTS collected material opportunistically from a variety of sources. Our first tranche came from a public appeal and included poetry, prose, recordings, emails, letters, etc. We then negotiated with sources such as fiction and newspaper publishers, the Scottish Parliament and the BBC to fill some remaining gaps. We also implemented a programme of sound and video recordings. We negotiated permission to use all materials freely online, but copyright remains with the original holders.
Publications

Anderson, W. and Corbett, J. (forthcoming): Exploring English with Online Corpora. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Anderson, W. (2008): ‘Corpus linguistics in the UK: resources for sociolinguistic research’. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 352-371
Anderson, W. (2007): ‘The SCOTS Corpus: a resource for language contact study’. In P. S. Ureland, A. Lodge and S. Pugh (eds). Language Contact and Minority Languages in Europe. Studies in Eurolinguistics, Vol. 5. Berlin: Logos Verlag
Anderson, J., Beavan, D. and Kay, C. (2007): ‘SCOTS: Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’, Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 1: Synchronic Databases, J. Beal, K. Corrigan, H. Moisl (eds), Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Douglas, F. and Corbett, J. (2006): ‘“Huv a wee seat, hen”: Evaluative terms in Scots’. In The Power of Words: Essays in Lexicography, Lexicology and Semantics. In Honour of Christian J. Kay, G. D. Caie, C. Hough, I. Wotherspoon (eds), Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, pp. 35-56
Anderson, W. (2006): ‘Your Country Needs YOUSE!’ ScotLit magazine, Association for Scottish Literary Studies, No. 34, pp. 13-14
Kretzschmar, W. A., Anderson, J., Beal, J. C., Corrigan, K. P., Opas-Hänninen, L. L., Plichta, B. (2006): ‘Collaboration on Corpora for Regional and Social Analysis’. Journal of English Linguistics, Vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 172-205
Anderson, W. (2006): ‘Absolutely, Totally, Filled to the Brim with the Famous Grouse: Intensifying Adverbs in SCOTS’. English Today, Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 10-16
Anderson, W. (2005): ‘Is there Doric in your attic?’. Leopard Magazine (October 2005)
Anderson, W., and Beavan, D. (2005): ‘Internet Delivery of Time-Synchronised Multimedia: The SCOTS Corpus’. Proceedings from the Corpus Linguistics Conference Series, Vol. 1. No. 1 (Birmingham, July 2005). ISSN 1747-9398. Online publication
Corbett, J. and Douglas, F. (2004): ‘Scots in the Public Sphere’ in J. M. Kirk and D. P. Ó Baoill, (eds) Towards our Goals in Broadcasting, the Press, the Performing Arts and the Economy: Minority Languages in Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and Scotland pp. 198-210, Belfast: Queen’s University Belfast Studies in Language, Culture and Politics, 2004
Douglas, F. (2003): ‘The Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech: Problems of Corpus Design’. Literary and Linguistic Computing, Vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 23-37
Anderson, W. and Corbett, J., ‘Teaching English as a Friendly Language: lessons from the SCOTS corpus’. Paper delivered at British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting, University of Swansea, 11 September 2008
Beavan, D., ‘Colour terms in the British National Corpus’. Demo presented at Progress in Colour Studies 2008, University of Glasgow, 14-17 July 2008
Anderson, W., Hough C. and Kay, C., ‘Red herrings in a sea of data: exploring colour terms with the SCOTS corpus’. Paper delivered at Progress in Colour Studies 2008, University of Glasgow, 14-17 July 2008
Beavan, D., ‘Glimpses though the clouds: collocates in a new light’. Paper delivered at Digital Humanities 2008, University of Oulu, 25-29 June 2008
Beavan, D., ‘Visualisation of textual data through collocate clouds’. Poster presented at Finding the Hidden Knowledge, University of Glasgow, 21-22 February 2008
Anderson, W., ‘The SCOTS Project: corpora in language teaching’. Paper delivered at the Literacy Exchange, Glasgow Caledonian University, 3 December 2007
Corbett, J. and Anderson, W., ‘Using it or losing it? Scots and younger speakers’. Paper delivered to Sustaining Minority Language Communities, 7th Language & Politics Symposium, Queen’s University Belfast, 9 November 2007
Beavan, D., ‘Discourse on Disk: tales from the Scottish Corpus’. Talk delivered to Department of English Language, University of Glasgow, 25 October 2007
Beavan, D., ‘Collocate Cloud: see collocations in a new way’. Paper delivered at Digital Resources for the Humanities & Arts 2007, Dartington College of Arts, 9-12 September 2007
Beavan, D., ‘Byte Carefully: selecting the right technologies’. Paper delivered at The Cultural Value of Oral History, University of Glasgow, 26 July 2007
Anderson, W., ‘From Recording to Record: the transcription process’. Paper delivered at The Cultural Value of Oral History, University of Glasgow, 26 July 2007
Anderson, W., and Beavan, D., ‘SCOTS: Problems and Challenges’. Paper delivered at SCOTS Symposium, University of Glasgow, 28 April 2006
Kay, C., ‘Dealing with Variation in Lexis’. Paper delivered at SCOTS Symposium, University of Glasgow, 28 April 2006
Kay, C., ‘The SCOTS corpus: a progress report’. Talk delivered to Unit for Variation and Change in English, University of Helsinki, 26 September 2005
Anderson, W., and Beavan, D., ‘Capturing Identity: The SCOTS Corpus’. Poster presented at British Association for Applied Linguistics Annual Meeting, University of Bristol, 15-17 September 2005
Kay, C., ‘Issues for Historical Corpora: first catch your word’. Paper delivered to AHRC Methods Network Expert Seminar: Linguistics. University of Lancaster, 8 September 2005
Corbett J., ‘The Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Workshop part of Association of Latin American British Cultural Institutes, Santiago, 15 July 2005
Anderson, W., and Beavan, D., ‘Internet Delivery of Time-Synchronised Multimedia: The SCOTS Corpus’. Paper delivered at Corpus Linguistics 2005, University of Birmingham, 14-17 July 2005
Anderson, W., Beavan, D., and Corbett, J., ‘Exploring Scottish Speech and Writing’. Talk delivered as part of Glasgow’s West End Festival, 18 June 2005
Anderson, W., ‘The Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Talk delivered to the Scottish Society of the Institute of Linguists, Perth, 21 May 2005
Anderson, W., ‘Littles mak mickles: issues in building a general corpus for Scotland’. Paper delivered to the St Andrews Institute for Language and Linguistic Studies, University of St Andrews, 8 March 2005
Anderson, J., Anderson, W. and Beavan, D., ‘The Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Paper delivered to Lancaster University’s Corpus Linguistics Research Group, 4 November 2004
Anderson, J., Kay, C., and Beavan, D., ‘The SCOTS Project’. Paper delivered at Digitizing the cultural heritage of linguistic minorities in the northern periphery workshop, University of Oulu, Finland, 8-9 October 2004
Beavan, D. and Anderson, J., ‘A Generic Application for Corpus Management and Administration’. Paper delivered at ALLC/ACH 2004, University of Gothenburg, 11-16 June 2004
Anderson, W., ‘The SCOTS Corpus: a resource for language contact study’. Paper delivered at Language Contact and Minority Languages on the Littorals of Western Europe, University of St Andrews, 11-13 June 2004
Beavan, D., Kay, C. and Anderson, J., ‘The Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Paper delivered at Sociolinguistics Symposium 15, University of Newcastle, 1-4 April 2004
Corbett J. and Douglas F., ‘Scots in the Public Sphere’. Paper delivered at Queen’s University Belfast, 18 September 2003
Beavan, D., ‘Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Poster presented at Digital Resources for the Humanities 2002, University of Edinburgh, 8-11 September 2002
Anderson, J. and Douglas F., ‘Corpus planning: the building of the Scottish Corpus of Texts and Speech’. Paper delivered at Scottish Centre for Information on Language Teaching, University of Stirling, 20-21 June 2002